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Securing cpanel server

php.ini

Securing cpanel php.ini in controlpanel or manually.

Login cpanel control panel and goto: Home » Software » MultiPHP INI Editor

Find disable_functions:

cpanel_multiphp_ini_editor

Change “disabled_functions =” to:

disable_functions = exec,system,passthru,shell_exec,escapeshellarg,escapeshellcmd,proc_close,proc_open,dl,popen,show_source,posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_getpwuid,posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_setgid,posix_seteuid,posix_setegid,posix_uname

cpanel_multiphp_ini_editor_edited

Or manually change files below:

# /opt/cpanel/ea-php55/root/etc/php.d/local.ini
# /opt/cpanel/ea-php56/root/etc/php.d/local.ini
# /opt/cpanel/ea-php70/root/etc/php.d/local.ini

Install ClamAV Scanner

To install or uninstall ClamAV Scanner, use WHM’s Manage Plugins interface (Home » cPanel » Manage Plugins).

Install ClamAV Cpanel

Offical Ducumentation Install ClamAV Scanner to Cpanel

ClamAV signatures

Edit Freshclam.conf file:

[root@cpanel]# nano -w /usr/local/cpanel/3rdparty/etc/freshclam.conf

Add these line end of file:

DatabaseCustomURL http://cdn.malware.expert/malware.expert.ndb
DatabaseCustomURL http://cdn.malware.expert/malware.expert.hdb
DatabaseCustomURL http://cdn.malware.expert/malware.expert.ldb
DatabaseCustomURL http://cdn.malware.expert/malware.expert.fp

Restart Freshclam

[root@cpanel]# /usr/local/cpanel/3rdparty/bin/freshclam restart

Extra Signatures

if you want use more signatures to ClamAV, i suggest use Linux Malware Detectwww.rfxn.com

If you dont wanna install itself software, you can tweak and use only signatures to ClamAV. Add freshclam.conf end of file:

DatabaseCustomURL http://cdn.rfxn.com/downloads/rfxn.ndb
DatabaseCustomURL http://cdn.rfxn.com/downloads/rfxn.hdb

ClamAV to ModSecurity

Edit file modsec2.user.conf :

[root@cpanel]# nano -w /etc/apache2/conf.d/modsec/modsec2.user.conf

Add begin of File:

SecRule FILES_TMPNAMES "@inspectFile /usr/local/bin/runav.pl" \
"phase:2,t:none,block,msg:'Virus found in uploaded file',id:'399999'"

Create File runav.pl:

[root@cpanel]# nano -w /usr/local/bin/runav.pl

Content of runav.pl file:

#!/usr/bin/perl
#
# runav.pl
#
# This script is an interface between ModSecurity and its
# ability to intercept files being uploaded through the
# web server, and ClamAV

# Fix clamdscan path to correct!
$CLAMDSCAN = "/usr/local/cpanel/3rdparty/bin/clamdscan";

if ($#ARGV != 0) {
print "Usage: runav.pl <filename>\n";
exit;
}

my ($FILE) = shift @ARGV;

$cmd = "$CLAMDSCAN --stdout --no-summary $FILE";
$input = `$cmd`;
$input =~ m/^(.+)/;
$error_message = $1;

$output = "0 Unable to parse clamscan output [$1]";

if ($error_message =~ m/: Empty file\.?$/) {
$output = "1 empty file";
}
elsif ($error_message =~ m/: (.+) ERROR$/) {
$output = "0 clamscan: $1";
}
elsif ($error_message =~ m/: (.+) FOUND$/) {
$output = "0 clamscan: $1";
}
elsif ($error_message =~ m/: OK$/) {
$output = "1 clamscan: OK";
}

print "$output\n";

Remember CHMOD 755

Restart:

[root@cpanel]# service restart clamd

ALso need modify ModSecurity configuration again:

[root@cpanel]# nano -w /etc/apache2/conf.d/modsec/modsec2.user.conf

Add these lines begin of file:

### Malware.Expert - ModSecurity rules
## CPanel configuration
#
SecComponentSignature "ME WAF"
SecResponseBodyAccess Off

SecDefaultAction "phase:1,deny,log,status:406"
SecDefaultAction "phase:2,deny,log,status:406"

SecRemoteRulesFailAction Warn

SecUploadDir /tmp
SecTmpDir /tmp
SecUploadFileMode 0644

# Needed to ClamAV scan
SecTmpSaveUploadedFiles on

SecRequestBodyAccess On

Malware Expert – ModSecurity rules

Now full and final modsec2.user.conf edited file:

### Malware.Expert - ModSecurity rules
## CPanel configuration
#
SecComponentSignature "ME WAF"
SecResponseBodyAccess Off

SecDefaultAction "phase:1,deny,log,status:406"
SecDefaultAction "phase:2,deny,log,status:406"

SecRemoteRulesFailAction Warn

SecUploadDir /tmp
SecTmpDir /tmp
SecUploadFileMode 0644

# Needed to ClamAV scan
SecTmpSaveUploadedFiles on

SecRequestBodyAccess On

SecRule FILES_TMPNAMES "@inspectFile /usr/local/bin/runav.pl" \
"phase:2,t:none,block,msg:'Virus found in uploaded file',id:'399999'"

SecRemoteRules SerialKey https://rules.malware.expert/download.php?rules=generic

Note:

And replace SerialKey with your subscription serial key!

If you dont have Malware Expert ModSecurity rules, you can buy here.

Finally restart apache:

[root@cpanel]# service httpd restart

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